Rome is the capital city of Italy. It is the centre for government institutions and public administrations. It is situated in the Lazio region and grew from the shores of the river Tiber. Rome’s historic centre is famous worldwide for its seven hills: Palatino, Aventino, Campidoglio, Quirinal, Viminale, Esquilino and Celio.
Amongst all the places worth visiting, a highlight is the Capitoline Hill and its square, which was designed and built in the 16th century by the famous architect Michelangelo. There you can see the famous statue of the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius; the Capitoline Museums where you can see the she-wolf suckling the twins Romus and Remulus, a bronze sculpture which is the symbol of Rome; the Roman Forum with its majestic arch of Septimus Severus; the Imperial Forum; the temple of Caesar, which was erected on the spot where Caesar was cremated; the Arch of Titus, the Palace of the Palatine, the Vittoriano, a majestic building dedicated to King Vittorio Emanuele II where major temporary artistic exhibitions are held; the Coliseum, the Arch of Constantine, the Trojan Column; Plaza Navona, with its Baroque style; the Trevi Fountain, the world-famous Piazza di Spagna , many churches, Castel SantÁngelo; Plaza del Popolo and its church, Santa Maria del Popolo; Ara Pacis; the Pantheon, etc.
Amongst the museums and monuments, do not miss the National Gallery of Ancient Art in the Palazzio Barberini, the Borghese Gallery, the Quirinale, the Baths of Dioclecian, Villa Farnesina, the Monumental gates, the catacombs and the Roman aqueducts.
The tourist sites in Rome can be divided into two groups according to their location, intramural or extramural, that is to say inside or outside the walls of Ancient Rome.
Rome is also famous for being the Seat of the Vatican, the Holy See, with Saint Peter’s Basilica and its impressive frescoes by Michelangelo, the most famous, and the most admired of which cover the vaults of the Sistine chapel.
The name “Rome” has several meanings, including ‘’strength’’ and ‘’flow’’, as if the city flowed along the river Tiber.
Tourism is one of the major economic activities in Rome thanks to the multitude of sites and historical monuments that the Roman city boasts.
Alongside the Italian governmental and administrative institutions, major financial institutions, such as banks and insurance companies have their headquarters in Rome. But Rome is also considered the capital city of cinema and television thanks to its important TV and film production centre, called “Cinecittá”.
Rome is home to important state and private universities; the most important ones are “La Sapienza”, the largest university in Europe which dates back to 1303, the International University for Social Studies LUISS, the University of Sacro Cuore (medicine and economy), the University-Campus bio-medico of Rome, the European University, the S. Pio V University (economy, translation and political studies), and the “Guglielmo Marconi” Telematic University.
There are also major academies, such as the oldest Music academy in the world, the Santa Cecilia Academy, and the Academy of Fine Arts.
The FAO (Food and Agricultural Organisation), a United Nations agency, has its headquarters in Rome.
Rome’s historical centre, along with the Vatican, the Basílica de San Paolo outside the walls and, since 1990, the entire area within the walls of Urbano VIII, have now been declared a world heritage site by UNESCO.
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